Fungal and yeast infections
Many viruses, fungi and bacteria live in the human body. All these microorganisms can be useful or pathogenic. At the same time pathogens do not harm as long as the quantitative balance is observed between microorganisms.
The most dangerous is fungus-a microorganism, which can lead to the defeat of the skin, mucous and internal organs. There are about 500 species of fungi that cause mycosis in humans.
What fungal infections can cause serious diseases in humans, and what treatments are used to get rid of pathogens, about all of this far..
What we know about the types of yeast infections in humans:
Yeast fungi inhabit the human body, being a part of its microflora. And do not pose a threat to health, provided the balance is respected.
All other types of fungi are pathogenic and pose a real threat to human health and life.
Fungi can multiply both on the surface of the skin and nails, and inside the body. However, a healthy person is not affected by a fungal infection that is controlled and destroyed by cells of the immune system. Therefore, the most favorable conditions for the life of fungus created in the body of people with weakened immunity.
Signs of yeast infections include:
- Itchy sexual organ
- Dense white Selections
- Redness and swelling of the vagina and vulva
- Pain during sex
- Pain with urination
Treatment of yeast infections
In most cases antifungal medications are the first remedy.
Creams from yeast infection, ointments and suppositories are available either without a prescription, or with a recipe. These remedies are injected into the vagina and are effective for most women with mild to moderate yeast infection who use them as intended. Depending on the product, the treatment usually lasts for one, three or seven days. Some physicians may recommend one dose of an oral antifungal remedy, such as Fluconazole (Diflucan), to treat the infection.
Women with recurrent or severe vaginal yeast infections, diabetes, compromised immune systems, infections caused by other types of yeast other than C. albicans or women taking medications that suppress their immune Systems (e.g. corticosteroids), risk causing "complex" vaginal yeast infections. These women may require treatment for a longer period of time, usually seven to fourteen days.
It is also possible to take this drug for prevention. Doctors often prescribe a weekly dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) taken within six months.
If you have sex life while using these anti-fungal drugs, they cannot provide effective protection against disease, your partner may get sick too. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say the composition in creams and suppositories antifungal drugs has a composition of oil that can dissolve the condom.
Jock itch (inguinal fungus)
Groin Dermatomycosis-one of the most common skin diseases, according to statistics, they are infected with 90% of the people on the ground. This fungus is most often diagnosed in adult males and females, much less often in children and teenagers. If more than one family member, chances of infection with dermatomycosis of his relatives are high. Provocators dermatomycosis, parasitic fungi, can support life without a living organism (human mucosa) they can be in a damp and warm environment-in the bathroom, shower, on the beach. From the infected person to the surrounding, they are passed through towels, moccasin, flip-flops and slippers.
In the groin in men the fungus can spread to the penis. In Dermatomykoze the defeat of the groin skin is polymorphic character-on the rash there are various elements:
- Pustcular (bubbles with pus);
- Papulezne (in the form of pimples);
- Vesilkuleznye (bubbles with liquid)
The basis of dermatomycosis therapy is the use of modern anti-fungal drugs for ingestion in combination with local antimicrobial (for the treatment of foci). To speed up recovery it is possible at competent use of means of traditional medicine-otvara and juice of medicinal plants apply for processing of a groin zone.
Depending on the severity of dermatomycosis, the state of immunity of the patient, the presence of chronic diseases of internal organs and other skin diseases, the attending physician (dermatologist, mycological) will pick up a suitable antifungal drug:
- Terbinafin is effective for all types of pathogens of groin dermatomycosis. In addition to dermatomycosis, it is prescribed for Rubrofitia, Trichofitia, Candida skin. Available in the form of tablets and creams for outdoor use.
- Diflukan is an antifungal drug of a wide spectrum of action. In addition to the causative agents of the groin dermatomycosis, effective in skin diseases provoked by Candida.
- Undecenic acid + undeclenate Zinc-combined antifungal drug. Effectively relieves inflammation in the groin, contributes to the early healing of rashes and skin cleansing.
Oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis
Among diseases of the digestive tract, candidiasis of the esophagus suffer no more than 1%. But pathology has unfavorable prognosis because the defeat by a fungus proceeds latent, and the treatment is prolonged, and relapses are possible. Candidiasis, called the simple language of thrush, is a sign of systemic failure. The fungi of the candida genus belong to conditionally dangerous microorganisms, which normally inhabit the organism of each person.
Let's consider in detail: The reasons why Candida is activated and there is an inflammation – mycosis, what it is, what is the scheme of treatment and how diagnostics are performed.
Causes of Oropharyngeal candidiasis
- Discomfort in swallowing;
- Planting and drying of the sinker;
- Sense of standing Komka.
Taking into account the wavy current of pathology and long hidden period, treatment for help, diagnostics and treatment are prolonged. Usually, patients come to the doctor when the disease is already spreading in the mouth, stomach and intestines.
How the diagnosis of pathology passes
Candidiasis of the esophagus is diagnosed on the basis of the history collection, objective examination, application of methods of instrumental and laboratory research. The esophageal X-ray using a contrasting solution reveals strictures and anatomical changes. Not suitable for early detection of pathology.
The recognized standard of diagnostics is endoscopy. Allows you to see the pockets of fungal lesions, assess the state of the mucous, the presence of structural changes, the vastness of the process.
Laboratory diagnostics includes: sowing on flora, sensitivity of esophageal fungi to antimicrobial agents, determination of immune status, presence of antibodies and their concentration.
Timely and correctly conducted diagnostics allows to prevent complications and to choose effective therapy.
Treatment is carried out in several directions:
- The impact on all the pockets of infection, available in the body, antimicrobial drugs.
- Anti-slag therapy: Enterosgel, Polysorb.
- The immune system must be strengthened.
Prolonged antifungal treatment-at least a month. In the hearth in the esophagus treatment scheme differs from the treatment of other organs. For example, irrigation of pharynx in this case is useless, and flukonazole, from a single reception, Candida only acquires resistance to antifungal agents. Medications and doses are selected taking into account the sensitivity of the virus to the means.
Attention! Therapy should be appointed by a doctor. If the regimen is different from the one below, then you should use the medication that your doctor has appointed.
Recommended Diflukan 150 mg (1 tab) 1 time a day for 2 weeks
What is the athlete's foot (mycosis), what are the symptoms of the disease, and how to treat it? All this is read further in our article.
According to statistics of Mycosis from 3 to 15% of the population. Nowadays it is one of the most common types of fungal infections in humans. Every 4th are exposed to the development of symptoms at some point in their lives.
Mycosis has a lot to do with other fungal infections such as fungus on nails, Jock itch, candidiasis, stoma, ringworm.
What causes the growth of fungal infections in the body? The two main reasons are sweaty or dirty feet and walking barefoot in common areas. The use of dense footwear, which blocks the flow of air to the toes, is another reason. Studies show that mycosis on one or both legs is more likely to develop in men than in women.
Symptoms of mycosis can be identified independently. Treatment is required to get rid of itching, skin peeling and redness that most people experience. Home treatments include the use of essential oils for the manufacture of antifungal creams. Try not to walk barefoot in public showers or pools. Boost your immunity so your body can fight all kinds of germs.
The most common symptoms of mycosis include:
- Itching and burning around the toes.
- Cracks and peeling of the skin on the fingers.
- White skin color and redness around the toes.
- In severe cases, the skin between the fingers can become green.
- In some cases, swelling occurs.
- Swelling increases when the infection penetrates deeper.
- Bad foot odor.
- In severe cases, ulcers or blisters may be formed, which may also be found on the lower part of the foot.
- If the fungus is not treated, it can spread to the nails of the toes and even to the fingers of the hands. This can lead to symptoms such as discoloration of the nails, itching, redness and bacterial infections.
Risk factors for the development of Mycosis include:
- Walking barefoot on surfaces that may contain bacteria, including exercise mats, gym floor, etc. If you have sweaty feet, the fungus is likely to remain on them.
- Poor foot hygiene. It is especially important to wash and dry your feet well after you have walked in a public place barefoot (including a gym or swimming pool), as well as if your feet often sweat.
- Walking barefoot in public showers or toilets, for example, in hostels or universities.
- Treatment of nails in the cabin, in which the equipment is not sterilized. Through unsterilized equipment, the fungus can be transmitted from one person to another.
- Constant wearing of socks and shoes that does not allow air to reach the skin of the feet. Fungus and bacteria are much easier to spread in damp, humid and warm conditions, for example, inside shoes. This is especially true for the space between the fingers. Waterproof tight shoes are especially good at keeping the fungus on your feet.
- Allergies or other conditions that cause dry skin, dermatitis or eczema.
- Weakened immune system due to autoimmune disorder or adoption of substances such as steroids or cortisone.
- Poor blood circulation or related diseases such as diabetes or neuropathy.
- Genetic factors that result in increased sweating of the legs, the number of cracks or keratin in the skin.
Most of the cases of fungal infection have no serious consequences. You can treat it at home by applying a special cream for a few weeks. These creams can be purchased at any pharmacy. One-percent creams may be suitable for treatment.
- When using ointments, first clean your fingers and hold them in warm water for 10-30 minutes. Then wipe the feet dry and apply the cream 1-3 times a day.
- Studies have shown that after 2-6 weeks of cream use more than half of people feel relieved. However, this method of treatment is not reliable and is 100% effective. To prevent the fungus from returning, use the hygiene tips and other precautions provided below.
- Despite the fact that commercial antifungal agents can be effective, they contain such chemical compounds as allamine, Azol and Fluconazole. Some studies show that these compounds are often the cause of sensitivity and allergic reactions. Allamuminovaya group includes Terbinafin and Naftifin, Azolovaya Group-Bifonazole, Klotrimazol, Myconazole and Oxynazol. If you notice worsening symptoms or appearance of new ones, consult your doctor.
- Since antifungal creams do not always eliminate the symptoms, some physicians recommend to patients the pill, the active ingredients of which are itraconazole or terbinafine. Take them once a day for four weeks (the dose is usually 100 mg). Some patients may experience severe side effects such as headache, dizziness, digestive problems and rashes.
- Some topical antifungal agents are also unsuitable for pregnant women and people with sensitive skin. Consult your doctor before applying any medication to your skin.
Ringworm is a highly contagious (contagious) infectious disease of the skin, hair or nails caused by pathogenic fungi. The infection can be caused by two types of fungi – Trichophyton and Microsporum. The correct designation of the disease is based on the name of the fungus that caused it, so physicians secrete Trichofitia and Microspore. Both of these forms of fungal infection (Trichophyium and Microsporia) are combined under the general term ringworm. Thus, ringworm is also called Trichofitia, Microsporia, Dermatophytium, dermatomycosis or dermatofitosis. Trichophyton fungi are microbes that parasitithe only on human skin, and Microsporum-amaze both humans and animals. Ringworm is most contagious for children aged 4 – 13.
Types of Ringworm
Depending on the area of the skin, which was affected by fungi, distinguish the following forms of ringworm:
- Tinea pedis – on feet;
- Tinea Unguium – On the nails of arms and legs;
- Tinea Corporis – Skin of hands, legs and torso;
- Tinea Cruris or Eczema marginatum-armpits and on the skin of groin folds;
- Tinea manuum – Hand and hands;
- Tinea capitis – Scalp in the scalp;
- Tinea barbae – Hair cover of the head and face;
- Tinea faciei or face fungus – face skin.
In general, all forms of ringworm are similar, have a number of common symptoms. However, each clinical form is characterized by its peculiarities. Consider the symptoms of each form of ringworm.
For the treatment of all forms of ringworm are used antifungal drugs inside (in the form of tablets), which combine with local therapy. For the treatment of ringworm are effective the following drugs for example Diflukan
Buy Diflucan Online
Diflukan-antifungal drug from the group Triazolov, effective against most harmful to the human body fungi. The medication is well tolerated and applied not only for treatment, but also as a prophylactic means to prevent fungal infections. The popularity of the drug is associated with a variety of medicinal forms that facilitate the use of medicinal products in different age groups. Let's dwell more on the forms of release of Difflukan, tell about its pharmaceutical action and ways of application at various pathologies.
Diflukan Capsules-Description of the drug, pharmacological action
Diflukan is a medicinal product designed to combat fungal infections. The active component of the Medicenta is fluconazole. The mechanism of its action is directed on oppression of synthesis of a steroid in cages of fungi, playing an important role in formation of cellular membranes. As a result of this effect, fungal cells cease to multiply and perish.
After taking the drug fluconazole is rapidly absorbed, evenly distributed in the tissues and reaches a high concentration already in 0.5-1.5 hours after administration. Active substance penetrates well into all organs and liquid environment of the body, accumulating not only in the blood plasma, but also in the sputum, epidermis, horn layer, saliva, bronchial secret.
Eating or Antatsidov (Almagel) does not affect the absorption of the drug. Diflukan has a long period of half-life, thanks to which the medication can be taken much less often (once a day), and in some cases, a lasting therapeutic effect is achieved after a single drug intake. The medicament from the body in the main kidneys, unchanged.
Release forms, composition, analogues, price
Diflukan is produced in several dosage forms:
- Diflukan capsules with white gelatin body, turquoise lid and black markings. Inside is white or pale yellow powder. Capsules produce with different content of the active substance (fluconazole)-50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg. The preparation is packaged in blisters containing 1 or 7 capsules.
- The diffuser is transparent, colorless, intended for intravenous introduction. In 1 ml of the solution contains 2 mg fluconazole. It is realized in transparent glass vials on 50, 100 and 200 ml.
- Powder Diflukan for suspension-white color, no visible inclusions. In 1 ml of finished suspension is 10 ml fluconazole. The drug is implemented in vials of plastic with a volume of 5 ml (50mg fluconazole).
The average prices for the drug in the pharmacy network are as follows:
- Difflukan Capsules 150 mg
- Diflukan Powder for suspensions (5ml)
- Liquid Difflukan (50ml)
- Liquid Diflukan (100 ml)
Difflukan has a number of structural analogues that contain the same active substance and have a similar pharmacological effect:
It is necessary to decide on the appointment of a medicinal product or its analogues by the attending physician, to replace the drug independently. Analogues can have their own peculiarities, differences and contra-indications. To select the drug is necessary individually, depending on the clinical picture of the disease, taking into account the concomitant pathologies and general condition of the patient.
Indications for use
Diflukan designate in the treatment of a variety of fungal infections: mycosis, candidiasis of various forms, onihomikozah (fungal lesions of nails), cryptococcosis (including Kreptokockochkovyj meningitis).
In order to prevent drug appointed after radiation therapy, as well as patients with immunodeficiency (HIV, AIDS). In patients with malignant neoplasms after the treatment of chemical drugs significantly reduced immunity and increased risk of joining fungal infection.
In the area of risk are also patients receiving treatment with other drugs (antibiotics, hormones, cytostatics). Diflukan helps the body to fight infections and prevents undesirable complications.
Diflukan is effective in such diseases as mycosis of skin, nails, pityriasis Ishai, candida infections, when fungal lesions are exposed to various organs and systems of the body (candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, genital, Generalized candidiasis).
The drug is prescribed as a part of drug therapy for infectious diseases of the respiratory system, urinary tract, Candida balite in men and vaginal candidiasis (thrush) in women. The effect of Diflukan is aimed at the fight against Myzami, it effectively copes with most dermatophytes, mould and yeast-like fungi.
In candidiasis mucous membranes (esofite, bronchoporovesh infections, lesions mucous mouth) dose varies in the range of 50 to 100 mg per day, the treatment lasts 2-4 weeks. For the treatment of candidiasis oral cavity, caused by the wearing of dentures, is appointed 50mg once a day for 14 days.
In therapy Otrubevidnogo depriving and other fungal lesions of the skin, designate a daily single reception 50mg Diflukan for 14-30 days or take 300 mg of the drug once a week for 2 weeks. In Mikozah stop duration of treatment longer and takes 5-6 weeks. In Onihomikozah (fungal lesions nails), it is recommended once a week to take 1 capsule Diflukan (150 mg). The treatment continues until a healthy nail is grown.
In patients with reduced immunity drug appointed to prevent fungal infections at the rate of 3-12 mg/kg body weight. In the presence of deep endemic mycosis sometimes requires long-term use of the drug (up to 2 years). The dose in such cases is 200-400 mg per day.
Children in the treatment of Candida mucous membranes Diflukan appointed at the rate of 3mg per 1 kg of weight of the child. For the most intensive impact in the first day can be assigned a double dose of the drug.