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Male candidiasis, causes and symptoms

Candidiasis in men.

Causes, symptoms and signs, treatment of candidiasis.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How is chronic candidiasis in men?
  • What can be the consequences of candidiasis in men?
  • What tests should be taken to diagnose candidiasis in a man?
  • What Doctor treats Candidiasis in men?
  • Can a man transfer candidiasis to a woman during sexual intercourse?
  • What rules of personal hygiene help to prevent male thrush?
  • Do probiotics in urogenital candidiasis help men and women?

This information is provided with reference information. Normal diagnosis and treatment of the disease are possible under the supervision of a doctor. Any drugs have contra-indications. Specialist consultation is required.

Candidiasis is a disease caused by Candida mushrooms. These round microorganisms are relatives of yeast. But unlike them, they can cause disease in humans.

Candidiasis in men or thrush-candida infection of male genital organs. Men suffer from this fungus much less often than women. This is due to the fact that the male body is less susceptible to these microorganisms. However, with the fall of the immune immunity candidiasis causes infection genital organs.

Infection can occur not only from the sexual partner. Candida representatives of normal human microflora. They are often found on the skin, in the mouth, in the intestines and on the genitals of healthy people. Therefore, infection with these fungi can occur inside the body while lowering immunity. In this case, it is necessary not only to treat candidiasis, but also to conduct a full examination to find out which chronic diseases have led to a decrease in protective forces.

Thrush is not a very dangerous disease and is easy to treat, especially if you take action quickly. However, there is a high probability, that together with rather harmless, though unpleasant fungi, there was an infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to pass tests and consult a specialist urologist or a venologist.

Sometimes the genital thrush in men is a sign of a deep chronic lesion of the body fungus. In this case, not only the urinary system and skin, but also the intestines, lungs and other internal organs suffer. But more often candida cause superficial defeat genital.

What is candida?

Candida is a tiny, single-cell organism that belongs to fungi. About 150 species of these microorganisms are shared. 20 of them can settle on skin and internal organs of the person, causing illnesses. The most important are such types of Candida C. Albicans and C. Tropicalis.

Candida has the appearance of an oval cell. Inside it are formed bags with spores-one of the tools of reproduction. If the fungus falls into favorable conditions, then begins to multiply the budding, populating the surrounding space. In this case, its cells are stretched and take the form of oval sticks. They are combined into long chains, which are called Psevdomiceliem. Such candida acquires new disease-causing properties. They penetrate into human cells and parasitiate in them, eating the reserves of glycogen. In this case, fungi destroy cells with their enzymes and poison the human body with toxins.

If candida falls into unfavorable conditions, it creates around itself a dense shell. In this way it retains its vitality and the unfavorable period. This feature contributes to the fact that fungi are very tenacious. They can be infected not only in contact with the patient, but also through household items and products.

Candida is widespread in nature, especially a lot of them on foods, sweet vegetables and fruits. When exposed to skin or mucous membranes, these microorganisms settle on them. Fungi like a weakly alkaline environment, increased humidity and a stable temperature of 36-37 degrees. If there are many confectionery and other sources of carbohydrates in the human diet, the ideal conditions are created for the reproduction of Candida.

In normal growth of fungi restrain immune cells and other representatives of human microflora. But with the fall of immunity and dysbacteriosis begins intensive growth of Candida.

Causes of candidiasis in men

The causes of candidiasis in men have a lot in common with the factors causing this disease in women. All of them lead to weakening of the natural protection of the organism:

  • Long course of antibiotics or cytostatics, medications, oppressive immunity
  • Prolonged stress and overwork
  • Weakening of local immunity after sexually transmitted diseases
  • Diet Rich Carbohydrates
  • Minor mucous injuries caused by rubbing, chemical or thermal irritation
  • Diabetes mellitus and other violations of carbohydrate metabolism
  • HIV and other immunodeficient conditions
  • Recently transferred severe infectious disease
  • Endocrine gland diseases: adrenal glands, thyroid gland
  • Climate change
  • Dysbacteriosis
  • Use of corticosteroid creams

If a man who is affected by one or more of these factors will have unprotected sexual contact with a woman who is sick of thrush, the chances of getting infected are very high. The incubation period, i.e. the time from infection to the onset of the first symptoms, lasts from 4 days to two months. Most often it is 2-3 weeks. However, in low immunity, thrush can be caused by Candida, which used to be part of its own male microflora.

Symptoms and signs of candidiasis in men

Typically, Candidiasis begins with the head. Over time, it moves to the foreskin and skin of the penis, as well as the groin area and rarer skin of the scrotum. With a common form of fungal lesions can be found on the folds of the body, where there are favorable conditions. These are axillary and subcutaneous depressions, intergluteal folds.

If the causes of candidiasis in men and women are almost the same, the forms of manifestation of the disease differ.

Candida Balitis-fungi is affected by the head of the penis. The inflammatory process may be limited to the head or spread over time.

Candida Urethritis-Candida cause inflammation in the urethra. Thus fungi settle on mucous urethra, they cause inflammation of tissues. Urination becomes painful. If Candida rises above the urinary tract, they cause the defeat of the bladder-candida cystitis.

Mycosis from Candida can develop on the pores. Bowl just between your fingers or cause a fungal lesion of the nails.

You may also experience Candida Stomachitis or thrush in your mouth. Fungi develop on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.

The described forms arise not often, in comparison with Candidoz of genitals.

Signs of candidiasis in men

The first signs of the disease appear on the head of the penis. This is the most frequent form of candidiasis in men. Can leak in three forms:

  • Erosion
  • Gels
  • Bright red spots and bubbles

These phenomena are accompanied by a rash on the skin of the penis. It has the appearance of red patches covered with small scales. There may also be exememic rashes-patches covered with a rash of the smallest bubbles. Such symptoms are associated with an allergic reaction of the body in response to the activity of candida and the substances that they secrete.

Itching and burning, which occur in candidiasis in men, are associated with the fact that Candida secrete enzymes. These substances break down the carbohydrates contained in human cells. As a result of such chemical reaction acids are formed, which affect the skin damaged by fungi. Sexual organs are rich in nerve endings, so they are very sensitive to irritation.

On the head and foreskin there is redness and swelling that always accompany inflammation. It is a consequence of reflex expansion of superficial vessels in thin skin of genital. Due to the increased blood circulation the body tries to remove toxins from the damaged areas of Candida.

On the affected skin appears whitish plaque. It consists of fungi, destroyed skin cells, plasma proteins, immune cells. The laboratory analysis reveals the strands of psevdomicelija that form Candida.

Plaque can be a kind of powder or small whitish films, similar to dairy. Most often it is formed in the crease between the head and the inner leaf of the foreskin and in the area of the Crown furrow. After removing the plaque, the skin is visible bright red spots with traces of erosion. This is a consequence of the fact that fungi have damaged the cells of deeper layers of the skin.

The foreskin becomes inflamed, poorly stretched. On it, as a result of infringement of protective functions of a skin, there can appear painful cracks. Later on their place scars are sometimes formed, which leads to narrowing of the foreskin.

Lymph nodes of the groin area can be enlarged, compacted. This is due to the fact that they purify the lymph from microorganisms and their toxins, filtering it through themselves. Microorganisms cause their inflammation and soreness.

Urination and sexual intercourse are accompanied by painful sensations. In the morning there may be a separation from the urethra of thick whitish mucus. In it it is possible to notice fibers of a micele white colour. This is the consequence of the mucous membrane of the urethra. Inflammatory exsuate and mycelium of fungi, accumulated overnight at the mouth of the urethra. The day of allocation become watery, they are transparent or pale pink. These symptoms resemble gonorrhea, but flow less acutely.

If the disease is complicated by cystitis, the urination becomes more frequent, the urine mutishes, it may appear impurities of blood. Sometimes there are pain in the lower abdomen in the pubic area. Such signs indicate that Candida began to destroy the cells of the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder.

What does candidiasis look like in men?

Candidiasis in men begins with redness and swelling of the head of the penis. Then these phenomena spread to the foreskin. The opening of the urethra becomes bright red.

The smallest pimples appear on the head. They can burst and form wet areas. Also formed not deep erosion-skin damage, similar to small sores. In some places on a skin maceration appears, it has a kind of damaged, loosened sites. The skin is impregnated with intercellular fluid and swells.

The penis becomes hot to the touch and painful. In the morning the urinary canal can, as if to stick together thick slime.

A white plaque is found on the head and under the foreskin. It has a powdery or curd look, easily removable, exposing bright red damaged areas of the skin.

Treatment of candidiasis

Treatment of candidiasis in men appointed by the doctor after confirmation of diagnosis. Self-treatment in this case is dangerous, as the disease has similar symptoms and sexually transmitted diseases. Improper treatment can lead to serious complications: chronic form of candidiasis, prostatitis, inflammation of the testicles-orchitu, narrowing of the foreskin and urethra and, in rare cases, gangrene of the penis.

Treatment of Candida genital organs in men divided into local (ointments, creams) and general-the reception of antifungal drugs:

Treatment of candidiasis with creams and ointments

If candida caused only superficial damage to the head, then enough treatment with ointments. Most often as a local treatment designate cream klorimazol. It is inflicted on the affected areas twice a day. The course of treatment 5-7 days.

Also apply:

  • Cream with Naticillin. Well absorbed, does not leave traces. Apply 2-3 times a day
  • Pimafuqing Cream put 3-4 times a day on the head until the total disappearance of symptoms.
  • Ointment with Nystatin. Ointment with antifungal antibiotic long delayed on the affected areas and penetrates deeply into the skin. Apply 1-2 times a day 7-10 days.

Tablets with candidiasis for male

In some cases, it is prescribed antifungal drugs, which are comprehensively acting on the body, relieving him of Candida. The drug flukonazole is recognized as the most effective means to combat fungal infection. It rarely causes adverse reactions, and take it once a day. Often for the treatment of candidiasis in men only one time to take 150 mg of this drug. Its analogues: Medoflukon, Difflukan, Flukostat, Mymicist, Forkan.

In some cases, appoint an antibiotic nystatin, which is specifically designed to combat fungi. Take on 1-2 tablets 3-4 times a day for 2 weeks. The dosage is selected individually.

Treatment of candidiasis in men by folk methods

Traditional medicine in Candidiasis recommends to eat foods rich in substances that destroy fungi. Another direction is the plant-based means used for local treatment.

Garlic. Phytonciids and other active substances of garlic help to defeat Candidiasis. Garlic water: Crush 2-3 cloves of garlic and pour, 0.5 cups of cold water. Insist one hour, drink an empty stomach three times a day. Garlic oil. Grind 4-5 cloves of garlic, pour 20 ml of refined oil. Store in a cool place. In the morning and in the evening, on a clean dry skin to apply a cotton swab.

Calendula. Infusion of Calendula is used for the washing of genital organs. 2-3 spoons of flowers pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Insist on 40 minutes. Use for hygienic procedures twice a day.

Used to relieve unpleasant sensations in the area of affected areas. For preparation of 2% soda solution it is necessary to take 1 teaspoon of soda and a liter of warm water. This means you can wash the affected areas before applying the medication and as an independent procedure.

Juniper. Juniper cones-15 g pour a glass of boiling water, wrap and give to brew 3 hours. Take inside one tablespoon three times a day on an empty stomach.

onions, honey and lemon. This means not only prevents the spread of fungal infection, but also perfectly stimulates immunity. For preparation it is necessary to take 10 tablespoons of lemon juice, 5 tablespoons of onion juice, 5 tablespoons of honey. Stir thoroughly. Drink three times a day before meals.

Treatment by folk methods of candidiasis in men should be supplemented with the admission of traditional medicine, and be supervised by a doctor. In this case it is guaranteed to quickly relieve the disease.

Prevention of candidiasis in men

Prevention is aimed at increasing immunity and general strengthening of the body. It includes a healthy lifestyle, timely treatment of chronic diseases, nutritious food.

There should be a sufficient amount of natural yogurt and other fermented milk products in the diet. It is also necessary to consume vegetables and fruits that have antifungal effect. This is garlic, spicy red pepper, berries cranberries, grapefruit, nuts.

Personal hygiene and the use of barrier-free contraceptive methods are also important. Condoms will help to prevent infection not only with candidiasis, but also more serious sexually transmitted diseases.

How is chronic candidiasis in men?

The passage of candidiasis in men in chronic form is quite frequent. The main reasons of the process chronization:

  • Improper, not fully spent treatment;
  • Treatment not begun in time, refusal of the man to visit the doctor;
  • Significant reduction in immunity.

Factors contributing to the development of chronic yeast infection in men:

  • Chronic malnutrition, defective diet, gipovitaminozy;
  • Smoking
  • Frequent use of alcohol;
  • Non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene;
  • Work on harmful production, contact with some chemicals;
  • Unprotected sex.

These factors hinder effective treatment of candidiasis, as a result it goes into chronic form.

Chronic candidiasis occurs for a long time, with periods of improvement and exacerbation.

Factors capable of provoking exacerbation of chronic candidiasis:

  • Concomitant infections;
  • Treatment with antibacterial drugs;
  • Genital herpes;
  • Urinary tract infection;
  • Increase of blood sugar level;
  • Hormonal disturbances in the body.

Chronic candidiasis is treatable more difficult than acute. The therapy should be complex and selected individually. It includes anti-fungal means of general and local use, drugs, increase immunity, treatment of concomitant and background diseases, diet.

What can be the consequences of candidiasis in men?

In some people candida fungi can get into the blood, while developing candida sepsis-a dangerous condition that requires emergency medical care. If Candidiasis in a man appeared on the skin or mucous membranes-it already says that he has lowered immunity, so the fungus can potentially penetrate into the blood.

In the framework of emergency care in the hospital injected drugs that restore the work of internal organs, protect them from fungus, as well as antifungal means, aimed at the destruction of the causative agent. Some men who have a thrush on the genitals or in the mouth, if they have a very lowered immunity, and they have increased vulnerability to fungus, the doctor recommends treatment in the hospital. This is a precautionary measure designed to prevent the spread of the pathogen throughout the body.

Risk factors that can lead to the generalization of candidiasis in men:

  • Diabetes mellitus;
  • Receiving drugs that suppress immunity, for example, after transplantation;
  • Chemotherapy in high doses or radiation therapy in oncological diseases;
  • Presence of the central venous catheter through which the medications are injected;
  • Patients who are carried out hemodialysis.

What is drug candidiasis in men?

In Norm the microflora of a person's skin and mucous membranes is constantly in equilibrium. Each microorganism is present in a certain amount, occupies its niche and can not cause pathological changes.

If a man takes antibacterial drugs during the treatment of infection, they usually act not only on pathogens, but also on representatives of normal microflora. The balance is broken, Candida fungi, on which antibacterial drugs do not act, begin to multiply actively and cause candidiasis.

Antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action are especially dangerous in this plan as they act on many kinds of microorganisms.

Medical Candidiasis can develop as a result of taking drugs that suppress immunity, in particular chemomedications, Cytostatics, glucocorticoids.

From other medical procedures candidiasis can be complicated by hemodialysis.

What tests should I take to diagnose candidiasis in a man?

Usually to diagnose urogenital candidiasis, the Doctor is enough to ask the man and examine the penis.

However, sometimes the diagnosis can not be clearly established only through examination. If the doctor suspects that the infection may be caused by other microorganisms, he will take a scraping or smear from the head of the penis and the skin under the foreskin, and send it to the laboratory for analysis.

If there are long-term non-healing ulcers on the penis, biopsy is carried out.

In many cases, it is advisable to make a full analysis of all sexually transmitted infections.

If a man is already suffering from urogenital candidiasis, and similar symptoms have arisen again, it is possible to heal independently of the preparations which previously prescribed by the Doctor. The visit to the doctor is desirable, but, in principle, it is not obligatory.

If the symptoms of candidiasis occur for the first time, visit a doctor must necessarily. Only the doctor will be able to distinguish candidiasis from other infections (to carry out differential diagnostics), to reveal other, more serious diseases on which background it was possible to arise candidiasis (for example, diabetes mellitus).

What Doctor treats candidiasis in men?

When the signs of Candida skin and/or mucous membranes man should consult a doctor-dermatovenerologist or urologist.

Can a man transfer candidiasis to a woman during sexual intercourse?

Despite the fact that Urogenital candidiasis is an infection that affects the organs of the urogenital system, it is not attributed to sexually transmitted infections. Both sexually active men and those who have never had sexual intercourse can get sick.

If a man is healthy, and the partner has candidiasis of genitals (usually Candida vlvivoaginite-the defeat of the vagina and vulva), he does not need to start treatment in the absence of symptoms of fungal infection. The very fact of sexual contact with a sick woman does not necessarily lead to the development of infection in a man-as a rule, for this he still has to be lowered immunity.

However, it is worthwhile to avoid unprotected sex with a partner who has signs of urogenital candidiasis until she is diagnosed with an accurate diagnosis.

What rules of personal hygiene help prevent male thrush?

Candida fungi are best reproduced where moist and warm. Therefore, careful personal hygiene is an important measure of the prevention of fungal infection.

If a man pays insufficient attention to intimate hygiene, in the extreme flesh of the penis can accumulate smegma-the secret glands, acting as a lubricant. It is a breeding ground for the reproduction of various microorganisms, including fungi.

Experts give men the following recommendations on personal hygiene:

  • Wash your penis thoroughly with warm water every day. The shower is better than a bath.
  • Avoid the use of flavored soaps and shower gels on the genitals, as they can cause irritation.
  • Thoroughly dry the genitals after washing – do not leave moist places where the fungus could multiply.
  • Wear loose cotton briefs to prevent overheating and severe sweating of the skin of the genital organs.