Candidiasis in men.
Causes, symptoms and signs, treatment of candidiasis.
Frequently Asked Questions
- How is chronic candidiasis in men?
- What can be the consequences of candidiasis in men?
- What tests should be taken to diagnose candidiasis in a man?
- What Doctor treats Candidiasis in men?
- Can a man transfer candidiasis to a woman during sexual intercourse?
- What rules of personal hygiene help to prevent male thrush?
- Do probiotics in urogenital candidiasis help men and women?
This information is provided with reference information. Normal diagnosis and treatment of the disease are possible under the supervision of a doctor. Any drugs have contra-indications. Specialist consultation is required.
Candidiasis is a disease caused by Candida mushrooms. These round microorganisms are relatives of yeast. But unlike them, they can cause disease in humans.
Candidiasis in men or thrush-candida infection of male genital organs. Men suffer from this fungus much less often than women. This is due to the fact that the male body is less susceptible to these microorganisms. However, with the fall of the immune immunity candidiasis causes infection genital organs.
Infection can occur not only from the sexual partner. Candida representatives of normal human microflora. They are often found on the skin, in the mouth, in the intestines and on the genitals of healthy people. Therefore, infection with these fungi can occur inside the body while lowering immunity. In this case, it is necessary not only to treat candidiasis, but also to conduct a full examination to find out which chronic diseases have led to a decrease in protective forces.
Thrush is not a very dangerous disease and is easy to treat, especially if you take action quickly. However, there is a high probability, that together with rather harmless, though unpleasant fungi, there was an infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to pass tests and consult a specialist urologist or a venologist.
Sometimes the genital thrush in men is a sign of a deep chronic lesion of the body fungus. In this case, not only the urinary system and skin, but also the intestines, lungs and other internal organs suffer. But more often candida cause superficial defeat genital.
What is candida?
Candida is a tiny, single-cell organism that belongs to fungi. About 150 species of these microorganisms are shared. 20 of them can settle on skin and internal organs of the person, causing illnesses. The most important are such types of Candida C. Albicans and C. Tropicalis.
Candida has the appearance of an oval cell. Inside it are formed bags with spores-one of the tools of reproduction. If the fungus falls into favorable conditions, then begins to multiply the budding, populating the surrounding space. In this case, its cells are stretched and take the form of oval sticks. They are combined into long chains, which are called Psevdomiceliem. Such candida acquires new disease-causing properties. They penetrate into human cells and parasitiate in them, eating the reserves of glycogen. In this case, fungi destroy cells with their enzymes and poison the human body with toxins.
If candida falls into unfavorable conditions, it creates around itself a dense shell. In this way it retains its vitality and the unfavorable period. This feature contributes to the fact that fungi are very tenacious. They can be infected not only in contact with the patient, but also through household items and products.
Candida is widespread in nature, especially a lot of them on foods, sweet vegetables and fruits. When exposed to skin or mucous membranes, these microorganisms settle on them. Fungi like a weakly alkaline environment, increased humidity and a stable temperature of 36-37 degrees. If there are many confectionery and other sources of carbohydrates in the human diet, the ideal conditions are created for the reproduction of Candida.
In normal growth of fungi restrain immune cells and other representatives of human microflora. But with the fall of immunity and dysbacteriosis begins intensive growth of Candida.
Causes of candidiasis in men
The causes of candidiasis in men have a lot in common with the factors causing this disease in women. All of them lead to weakening of the natural protection of the organism:
- Long course of antibiotics or cytostatics, medications, oppressive immunity
- Prolonged stress and overwork
- Weakening of local immunity after sexually transmitted diseases
- Diet Rich Carbohydrates
- Minor mucous injuries caused by rubbing, chemical or thermal irritation
- Diabetes mellitus and other violations of carbohydrate metabolism
- HIV and other immunodeficient conditions
- Recently transferred severe infectious disease
- Endocrine gland diseases: adrenal glands, thyroid gland
- Climate change
- Use of corticosteroid creams
If a man who is affected by one or more of these factors will have unprotected sexual contact with a woman who is sick of thrush, the chances of getting infected are very high. The incubation period, i.e. the time from infection to the onset of the first symptoms, lasts from 4 days to two months. Most often it is 2-3 weeks. However, in low immunity, thrush can be caused by Candida, which used to be part of its own male microflora.
Symptoms and signs of candidiasis in men
Typically, Candidiasis begins with the head. Over time, it moves to the foreskin and skin of the penis, as well as the groin area and rarer skin of the scrotum. With a common form of fungal lesions can be found on the folds of the body, where there are favorable conditions. These are axillary and subcutaneous depressions, intergluteal folds.
If the causes of candidiasis in men and women are almost the same, the forms of manifestation of the disease differ.
Candida Balitis-fungi is affected by the head of the penis. The inflammatory process may be limited to the head or spread over time.
Candida Urethritis-Candida cause inflammation in the urethra. Thus fungi settle on mucous urethra, they cause inflammation of tissues. Urination becomes painful. If Candida rises above the urinary tract, they cause the defeat of the bladder-candida cystitis.
Mycosis from Candida can develop on the pores. Bowl just between your fingers or cause a fungal lesion of the nails.
You may also experience Candida Stomachitis or thrush in your mouth. Fungi develop on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
The described forms arise not often, in comparison with Candidoz of genitals.
Signs of candidiasis in men
The first signs of the disease appear on the head of the penis. This is the most frequent form of candidiasis in men. Can leak in three forms:
- Bright red spots and bubbles
These phenomena are accompanied by a rash on the skin of the penis. It has the appearance of red patches covered with small scales. There may also be exememic rashes-patches covered with a rash of the smallest bubbles. Such symptoms are associated with an allergic reaction of the body in response to the activity of candida and the substances that they secrete.
Itching and burning, which occur in candidiasis in men, are associated with the fact that Candida secrete enzymes. These substances break down the carbohydrates contained in human cells. As a result of such chemical reaction acids are formed, which affect the skin damaged by fungi. Sexual organs are rich in nerve endings, so they are very sensitive to irritation.
On the head and foreskin there is redness and swelling that always accompany inflammation. It is a consequence of reflex expansion of superficial vessels in thin skin of genital. Due to the increased blood circulation the body tries to remove toxins from the damaged areas of Candida.
On the affected skin appears whitish plaque. It consists of fungi, destroyed skin cells, plasma proteins, immune cells. The laboratory analysis reveals the strands of psevdomicelija that form Candida.
Plaque can be a kind of powder or small whitish films, similar to dairy. Most often it is formed in the crease between the head and the inner leaf of the foreskin and in the area of the Crown furrow. After removing the plaque, the skin is visible bright red spots with traces of erosion. This is a consequence of the fact that fungi have damaged the cells of deeper layers of the skin.
The foreskin becomes inflamed, poorly stretched. On it, as a result of infringement of protective functions of a skin, there can appear painful cracks. Later on their place scars are sometimes formed, which leads to narrowing of the foreskin.
Lymph nodes of the groin area can be enlarged, compacted. This is due to the fact that they purify the lymph from microorganisms and their toxins, filtering it through themselves. Microorganisms cause their inflammation and soreness.
Urination and sexual intercourse are accompanied by painful sensations. In the morning there may be a separation from the urethra of thick whitish mucus. In it it is possible to notice fibers of a micele white colour. This is the consequence of the mucous membrane of the urethra. Inflammatory exsuate and mycelium of fungi, accumulated overnight at the mouth of the urethra. The day of allocation become watery, they are transparent or pale pink. These symptoms resemble gonorrhea, but flow less acutely.
If the disease is complicated by cystitis, the urination becomes more frequent, the urine mutishes, it may appear impurities of blood. Sometimes there are pain in the lower abdomen in the pubic area. Such signs indicate that Candida began to destroy the cells of the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder.
What does candidiasis look like in men?
Candidiasis in men begins with redness and swelling of the head of the penis. Then these phenomena spread to the foreskin. The opening of the urethra becomes bright red.
The smallest pimples appear on the head. They can burst and form wet areas. Also formed not deep erosion-skin damage, similar to small sores. In some places on a skin maceration appears, it has a kind of damaged, loosened sites. The skin is impregnated with intercellular fluid and swells.
The penis becomes hot to the touch and painful. In the morning the urinary canal can, as if to stick together thick slime.
A white plaque is found on the head and under the foreskin. It has a powdery or curd look, easily removable, exposing bright red damaged areas of the skin.
Treatment of candidiasis
Treatment of candidiasis in men appointed by the doctor after confirmation of diagnosis. Self-treatment in this case is dangerous, as the disease has similar symptoms and sexually transmitted diseases. Improper treatment can lead to serious complications: chronic form of candidiasis, prostatitis, inflammation of the testicles-orchitu, narrowing of the foreskin and urethra and, in rare cases, gangrene of the penis.
Treatment of Candida genital organs in men divided into local (ointments, creams) and general-the reception of antifungal drugs:
Treatment of candidiasis with creams and ointments
If candida caused only superficial damage to the head, then enough treatment with ointments. Most often as a local treatment designate cream klorimazol. It is inflicted on the affected areas twice a day. The course of treatment 5-7 days.
- Cream with Naticillin. Well absorbed, does not leave traces. Apply 2-3 times a day
- Pimafuqing Cream put 3-4 times a day on the head until the total disappearance of symptoms.
- Ointment with Nystatin. Ointment with antifungal antibiotic long delayed on the affected areas and penetrates deeply into the skin. Apply 1-2 times a day 7-10 days.